Miracle diets are at our fingertips and although we hear over and over again that their practice is not recommended at all, not a few people are tempted to try them and may therefore suffer different consequences. We tell you what happens in your body when you do a miracle diet to lose weight.
The characteristics of miracle diets
Miracle diets represent a risk to the human organism and the health of different people not only because they are universal and they do not meet the needs of each but also because they have other common characteristics.
Produce a great weight loss and many times very fast, which is achieved through a strict, restricted feeding and even in the case of mono diets, based on just one food.
Perfect examples of this type of diet in which he only intends to eat a meal (in addition to infusions and, sometimes, coffee to calm hunger) are the pineapple diet, the grape diet, or the kiwi diet. The foods on which this type of diet is based provide us with very few calories, always remaining below the energy necessary for our body.
The elimination of entire food groups or prohibitions also tend to be typical of miracle diets as well as not taking care of other lifestyle habits such as exercise or night rest are responsible for the risks involved in practicing a miracle diet to lose weight.
Some of the diets that propose the elimination of entire food groups are known as high protein diets, such as the Dukan diet, the Stillman diet or the Atkins diet: in them the consumption of carbohydrates, one of the three macronutrients that our body needs, is drastically reduced. This type of restrictive regimen can lead to an unwarranted fear of carbohydrate consumption and possible eating behavior problems.
These diets, due to their great calorie restriction (with the dangers that this entails for our body), can be dangerous and it is recommended to follow them only for a very short period of time. Thus, regimens such as the famous maple syrup diet, in which it has a low energy intake, is not recommended to continue for more than ten days. The most recent astronaut diet, which does not contribute more than 500 kilocalories a day, is only recommended for two weeks.
What happens when we go on a miracle diet
Taking into account the above, we must know what we are facing or what happens in our body when we practice a fad diet, strict or restrictive:
Metabolism is the set of processes that our body carries out to keep us alive and represents a base caloric expenditure or what we call basal metabolism which is the energy that the body requires to stay alive at rest.
By following a miracle diet, so limited in calories and that produces a sharp drop in our energy reserves because they cause a notable loss of weight, the body is placed in a “saving mode” because we are genetically prepared for that and this translates into a decrease in metabolism.
According to a study published in the journal Obesity, said the drop in daily caloric expenditure or metabolism persists even up to six months after completing the diet, which is why it is considered a non-minor effect and that can cause, among other things, the recovery of lost weight since we will need fewer calories for everything.
We experience less satiety and more hunger
Due to the considerable restriction that miracle diets install, our body suffers not only by burning fewer calories than before but also by producing a hormonal alteration that involves elevation of ghrelin levels, as indicated by an investigation published in the Venezuelan Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, as well as a reduction in leptin levels that has the opposite effect to the first as indicated by American scientists.
The prohibitions and the alteration of hormones that cause the fad diets to produce more hunger and less satiety
Ghrelin and leptin are key in regulating body weight and while the former triggers hunger and reduces satiety, leptin produces the opposite effect.
Hence, an elevation of ghrelin and a decrease in leptin that comes hand in hand with the loss of fat mass (its main site of origin) result in more hunger and less satiety that are accentuated every day with the caloric restriction imposed by the miracle diet and the sudden decrease in weight and body fat.
The body is stressed
According to researchers at the University of California, low-calorie diets, as most miracle diets tend to raise cortisol levels in the body which means that they produce stress.
If we think that fad diets often prevent us from sharing family meals or tasting dishes that were usually present in our diet as they fill us with forbidden foods, we can clearly experience stress and a stressed organism is an organism that does not function properly, whose health is at risk and its quality of life diminishes.
Among the most frequent symptoms of stress is reluctance, bad mood, insomnia, drop in physical and intellectual performance, among others that hinder our day today.
The risk of disease increases
A diet based on a single food or that prevents us from consuming, for example, fats of all kinds, undoubtedly meets the characteristics of a miracle diet and puts us at risk of frequent but unnoticed diseases such as nutritional deficiencies.
The deficit of certain nutrients that constitutes a pathological condition by itself, can also increase the risk of suffering from other diseases such as anemias, colds, or infections because of an altered defense system.
Next to stress and poor quality diets that many times constitute the fashionable proposals, not only can we suffer more infections or suffer from nutritional deficiencies but also, have a greater risk of suffering osteoporosis as a study published in The Journal of Nutrition points out, and also, obesity since the more stresses, the more likely to gain weight and store fat in the abdominal region, as research carried out in Germany concludes.
Long-term changes of gaining weight are increased
As we recently pointed out, the stress caused by miracle diets, along with altered eating behavior and reduced metabolism are the perfect combination for gain weight after a miracle diet.
And as scientists from Stockholm point out, the more strict and restrictive a diet is, the more likely you are to regain the weight loss and gaining weight after its practice.
The stress, altered eating behavior, and metabolic changes caused by miracle diets increase the chances of gaining weight in the long term
The changes that our hormonal system undergoes along with those that occur in the adipose tissue are responsible for the increased risk of gaining weight after a miracle diet, because as explained in a study published in the International Journal of Obesity, adipocytes become better able to store fat and less efficient to oxidize the same ones, which is why it is very easy to gain weight.
All this allows us to deduce why miracle diets are not advisable when losing weight, since they can not only severely affect current health but also future health and also are not effective for long-term weight loss.
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